- 開催日時：2018年7月28日（土）13:30 - 17:30
- 開催場所：国立民族学博物館 第3演習室（本館4階）
- 対 象：研究者
- 13:30 - 15:00
- 15:00 - 16:30
- 16:30 - 17:30
Genius and globalization of Indian dance: the life of an Indian Singaporean dancer
As globalization and liberalization have spread, India has undergone dynamic economic and social change. Consideration of the effects of widespread internal, or urban, migration and international migration is increasingly important. Therefore, migration has received remarkable scholarly attention. Recently, performing arts have become an analytical lens for examination of migration and mobility phenomena. Research specifically addressing migration or diaspora of the performing arts, however, has not kept pace with research investigating the broader field of migration. This report specifically examined methods of practitioners’ socio-cultural mobility and experiences, particularly as exemplified ethnographically by a Malayalee dancer and his life history.
The late K.P. Bhaskar, a pioneer of Indian dance in Singapore, was originally from Kerala. He traveled widely and performed on the stage during British rule and during WW II on the Indian subcontinent. After migrating to Singapore in 1953, he contributed his effort to the development of Indian performing arts in Singapore. This report presented K. P. Bhaskar’s experiences and mobility as a dancer, especially those before coming to Singapore, along with their social and cultural context. And This report argued that anthropological research examining performing arts and globalization must be done both theoretically and methodologically to ascertain how and when the migrant practitioners’ mobility becomes distinct, and to examine intercultural aesthetics, migrant mobilities, and geopolitics, rather than assessing them as genes and forms.
Idea and Practice of Rural Tourism in South Asia: Cases in India and Bangladesh
Rural tourism has gradually become popular in South Asia. Although the idea of rural tourism has been introduced and applied predominantly in Western economically developed countries, it has also been applied in economically developing countries such as India and Bangladesh. Rural tourism is regarded as an alternative to or an augmentation of conventional development in these countries.
The government of India launched Rural Tourism Projects in 2002/3 under which a total of 203 rural tourism projects in 29 States/Union Territories sanctioned by 2013. Two cases of rural tourism projects in West Bengal have demonstrated that the projects were not successful because of the lack of proper ideas about rural tourism, effective development initiatives, and the continuous input of the budgets. Responsible tourism was launched in Kerala with the initiative of the State of Kerala in 2007. This initiative, which has no link with the central government rural tourism project, nevertheless shows remarkable success. It organizes village women as supply groups of local agricultural produce, which are supplied regularly to resorts and hotels. Village life tours are guided by the locals. The project is well organized under the idea of Responsible tourism.
The case in Bangladesh illustrates successful rural tourism development with effective collaboration between the local NGO, which has been working to improve the area and local community. Differences of outcomes among project cases are related to whether a clear idea of rural tourism development and effective initiatives for its implementation exist, or not.