The National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) is a research center for ethnology and cultural anthropology.

Staff Members

SHOJI Hiroshi
SHOJI Hiroshi SHOJI Hiroshi
National Museum of Ethnology・Professor Emeritus
Research Specialization
Individual Research Projects
Personal website

Academic Qualifications

  • B.A. Univ. of Helsinki 1977
  • M.A. Kansai Univ. of Foreign Studies 1980

Research Keywords

Baltic, Northern Europe, Qinghai (China), Japan, Estonian, Finn, Sami, Tu (Monguor), Language Policy, Minority Languages, Ethniccommunities, Immigrant Policy

Publications (English publications only)

Is Japan a Multilingual Society? S. Yamashita, M. Makito, D. W. Haines and J. S. Eades (eds.) Transnational Migration in East Asia (Senri Ethnological Reports 77), pp.103–111.
Local Communities and the State: Changing with Immigrants. International Symposium March 26–28. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter 24: 14. National Museum of Ethnology.
Multiethnic Japan–Life and History of Immigrants. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter 18: 12–13. National Museum of Ethnology.
Multilingualization–A Breakthrough into Japanese Language Consciousness? In J. F. Kess Changing Japanese Identities in Multicultural Canada, pp.393–403. Victoria: Center for Asia-Pacipic Initiatives, Univ. of Victoria.
Mother Tongue Education for Revitalising a Vigorous Language? The Case of Monguor, A Minority Language in China. In L. Huss, A. C. Grima and K. A. King (eds.) Transcending Monolingualism, pp.277–291. Lisse, The Netherland: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Multilingualization– A Breakthrough into Japanese Language Consciousness. Changing Japanese Identities in Multicultural Canada Conference, pp.24–25, 22–24 August, 2002, Victoria: Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives, University of Victoria.
Globalization and Internal Border-crossing. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter 14: 10–11. National Museum of Ethnology.
Who Is to Define Language Endangerment? Abstracts of Linguistic Perspective on Endangered Languages–A SKY Symposium, 29 August–1 September, 2001, Linguistic Society of Finland, Helsinki. (
Transborder Studies at the National Museum of Ethnology. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter 12: 1–2. National Museum of Ethnology.
Language Policies and National Consciousness among the Northern Minorities. H. Shoji and J. Janhunen (eds.) Northern Minority Languages–Problems of Survival National Museum of Ethnology, pp.55–75.
Northern Minority Languages–Problems of Survival. National Museum of Ethnology.
Uralilaisten kielten prenominaalisten rakenteiden typologiaa. Kongressus Octavus Internationalis Fennougristarum Jyvaskyla pp.127–131, 10–15 August 1995. Jyvaskyla: Moderatores.
Uhanalaiset kielet ja niiden suojelu. T. Salminen (ed.) Uralilaiset Kielet Tanaan, pp.38–45. Snellman-Instituutti Kuopio.
Clause-Linking Function of Finnish Enclitics. L Jakab et al. (eds.) Congressus Septimus Internationalis Fenno-Ugristarum 3B, pp.29–34. Debrecen.
On the Development of a Quotation Particle in Cheremis and Votyak–A Special Use of the Verb of Saying in a Finite Form. The Journal of Intercultural Studies, Extra Series 1: 40-50. Kansai University of Foreign Studies Publication.
Typology of Finnish Attributive Constructions Based on Participles. Uralica 5: 11–34. Uralic Society of Japan.


"Is a Multilingual Mind Possible for the Japanese?", XVIII International Sociological Association World Congress of Sociology, 13-19 July 2014, Pacifico Yokohama.
Is Japan a Multilingual Society?” Transnational Migration in East Asia: Japan in Comparative Focus, Minpaku International Symposium, Minpaku Transborder Anthropology Project, 31 May–1 June, the National Museum of Ethnology.
(Panel Discussion with Nelson Graburn, Joy Hendry, and Hirochika Nakamaki.) “Taminzoku Nihon: Multiculturalism at Minpaku.” Japan Anthropology Workshop (JAWS), 17 March, University of Oslo.
“Multilingualization: A Breakthrough into Japanese Language Consciousness.” Changing Japanese Identities in Multicultural Canada Conference, 22-24 August, Victoria: Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives, University of Victoria.
“Who Is to Define Language Endangerment?” Linguistic Perspectives on Endangered Languages, 29 August–1 September, the Linguistic Association of Finland.


“Multiethnic Japan: The Life and History of Immigrants” (March 25 – June 15)